HIV: ప్రస్తుత పరిశోధన

HIV: ప్రస్తుత పరిశోధన
అందరికి ప్రవేశం

ISSN: 2572-0805


The Degree of Readiness among a Population of HIV Infected Patients in Sweden

Björn Södergård, Margit Halvarsson, Anders Sönnerborg, Mary P Tully and Åsa Kettis

Objective: The objectives were to assess the degree of readiness for HIV infected patients currently on treatment and to evaluate factors potentially influencing readiness. Methods: All HIV-treated patients, who attended a HIV clinic in Sweden, during 7 months, were asked to complete a questionnaire containing Willey´s 2-item readiness assessment and questions about other factors potentially affecting readiness. The Willey´s 2-item readiness assessment categorises patients into either of five stages of change. Patients categorized as in the action or maintenance stage were classified as ‘ready to adhere to medicines’. Results: In total 327 patients participated (response rate 87.4%). The proportion categorised as in the action and maintenance stage was 97%. Factors associated with readiness were lower mean CD4 count at start of treatment and lack of resistance. The proportion with viral loads below detection limit was very high (91%). Conclusion: Although the initiation of ART is extremely important, to ensure good treatment results, follow-up and motivation throughout the treatment are also important. Continuous measurement of the patients´ readiness to maintain treatment adherence needs to be further explored.