Sumit Singh* and Ajay Bansal
High degree of competitiveness associated with petroleum leads to the exhaustive search for new technologies that enable greater efficiency in the related processes. A three-dimensional mathematical homogeneous biphasic model was implemented in the commercial code of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), FLUENT package to predict concentration and temperature distributions on sieve trays of distillation columns and good simulation results are obtained. The tray geometries and operating conditions are based on the experimental works of Indian oil corporation limited (R&D). The dispersed gas phase and continuous liquid phase are modelled in the mixture model for two interpenetrating phases with inter phase momentum, heat and mass transfer. The main objective of this study has been to find the extent to which CFD can be used as a prediction tool for real behaviour, and concentration and temperature distributions of sieve trays. The simulation results are shown that CFD is a powerful tool in tray design, analysis and trouble shooting, and can be considered as a new approach for efficiency calculations.